Washington’s great vineyards: Champoux Vineyards

By on August 28, 2013

Champoux Vineyards is in Washington state's Horse Heaven Hills.

Champoux Vineyards was planted beginning in 1972, when it was known as Mercer Ranch Vineyards. (Photo by Andy Perdue/Great Northwest Wine)

ALDERDALE, Wash. – The first plantings in Washington’s Horse Heaven Hills are still among the most sought-after grapes in the region.

Today, Paul Champoux runs Champoux Vineyards, one of the state’s best and most famous vineyards, supplying grapes for Washington’s top winemakers, including Quilceda Creek Vintners, Woodward Canyon Winery, Andrew Will Winery and Fidelitas Wines.

This story began more than 40 years ago. Don Mercer began planting vines a few miles north of the Columbia River in 1972, long before wine grapes were thought to be a viable crop in what has traditionally been a region known for all kinds of agriculture, including carrots, potatoes and dryland wheat.

He called it Mercer Ranch Vineyards and planted more grapes in the late 1970s. By 1984, Mercer opened a winery by the same name, with a tasting room at the vineyard. Considering its remote location, it was a bold move – too bold. The winery closed before the end of the 1980s.

In 1989, Paul and Judy Champoux arrived and took over managing the vineyard, which by that point had changed ownership. Paul grew up in the Yakima Valley and was in hops before he got a job with Chateau Ste. Michelle when it began planting wine grapes in 1979 near Paterson. Today, those plantings are part of Horse Heaven Vineyard at Columbia Crest.

Switching from hops to grapes was not difficult for Champoux. Both are perennial plants used for alcoholic beverages, and both are trellised on wires. Champoux learned the vineyard trade from some of the best, including Clay Mackey (Chinook Wines), Wade Wolfe (Thurston Wolfe), Bill Powers (Powers Winery) and the legendary Walter Clore.

Managing, buying Champoux Vineyards

Champoux Vineyards is in Washington' state's Horse Heaven Hills.

Champoux Vineyards has been owned by Paul Champoux and his winery partners since 1996. (Photo by Andy Perdue/Great Northwest Wine)

When Champoux arrived at Mercer Ranch, the vines were in tough shape.

“The vineyard was pretty run down when I got here,” Champoux told Great Northwest Wine.

After getting the vineyard where he wanted it and realizing its potential, Champoux thought about purchasing the land, so he gathered four winery partners to put together the deal. They included Paul Golitzin of Quilceda Creek, Rick Small of Woodward Canyon, Chris Camarda of Andrew Will and Bill Powers. Together, they bought the vineyard in 1996.

“That was a tough year (because of a bad winter freeze),” Champoux said. “The guy who owned it didn’t want to deal with it anymore, so it was an opportunity for us to buy it.”

Today, Champoux Vineyards is 185 acres, 140 of which are Cabernet Sauvignon. That’s a prized grape in the Horse Heaven Hills, especially at Champoux Vineyards. Four times since the 2002 vintage, Quilceda Creek has earned perfect 100-point scores from The Wine Advocate, a highly influential newsletter, and a large percentage of the grapes for those wines came from Champoux Vineyards. Additionally, Andrew Will makes Champoux Vineyard-designated red blends, and Woodward Canyon’s famed Old Vine Cab includes early Champoux Vineyards plantings.

In fact, many wineries carry the name “Champoux Vineyards” on their label when they use his grapes because they know that can fetch a few more dollars per bottle.

West Nile virus strikes Paul Champoux

Paul Champoux is owner of Champoux Vineyards. He was stricken by West Nile virus in 2009.

After being stricken with West Nile virus in 2009, Paul Champoux has needed to use an all-terrain vehicle to go through his vineyards. He said this has actually made him a better grape grower. (Photo by Andy Perdue/Great Northwest Wine)

By 2009, Champoux was at the top of his game, growing arguably the best Cabernet Sauvignon on the West Coast. On a sunny July day, he was out in his vineyard and was bitten by a mosquito. It carried the West Nile virus, and it dramatically changed Champoux’s life.

The virus mostly affects birds, but perhaps 10 percent of humans bitten by an infected mosquito will become ill, mostly with flu-like symptoms that last perhaps a week. For Champoux, it was much, much worse.

On July 14, 2009, Champoux woke up with joint and muscle aches. He thought he had the flu, so he went to the hospital in Hermiston, Ore., where he was told to drink plenty of fluids and take some aspirin. By July 16, he could barely get out of bed. On July 17, he was paralyzed and was flown to Oregon Health & Science University in Portland. It took 13 days to diagnose what was wrong. Everything from Lou Gehrig’s disease to multiple sclerosis was considered.

“They were looking at West Nile – plus 20 other things,” he said. “It is pretty scary when you don’t know what your battle is against.”

After a month, he was transferred to Kadlec Regional Medical Center in Richland, Wash., to begin rehab, at which point he could move his wrists. After he returned home, he was under care from Judy and a round-the-clock nurse.

But his grapes were ripening, so he directed harvest from his bed.

“My mind was still working, so I would talk to my crew with Judy holding the phone to my ear,” he said.

Harvest went well because everyone – employees and winemakers alike – pitched in. By Christmas, Champoux still was too weak to raise a glass of wine – so he used a straw instead.

Now, four years later, Champoux still can’t walk under his own power, as his left leg won’t quite support his weight. But he’s getting there and remains optimistic that he will enjoy a full recovery. These days, he rides around his vineyard on an all-terrain vehicle and feels closer to his vines than he ever has.

“That has helped me immensely,” he said. “I don’t drive by the rows anymore; I drive the vineyard. You get to see the seasons of the vine, the different processes of the vine. The more you get to see them, the more you’re on top of doing the correct things on a timely basis. I’ve really enjoyed watching my vines and learning my vines and being on the four-wheeler.”

Because he has fewer than 200 acres, Champoux is able to drive through each row of vineyard, and he has a physical perspective he didn’t realize he needed when he was on a tractor or in a pickup.

Before he was stricken with West Nile, he was one of the top grape growers anywhere. Because of the disease, he is even better.

“West Nile was not a blessing,” he said. “But something good has come out of it. I do feel I’m better at knowing my vines since being on the four-wheeler a lot more.”

Freeze damages Champoux Vineyards, forces replanting

Replanted Cabernet Sauvignon at Champoux Vineyards in the Horse Heaven Hills of Washington state.

In 2012, Paul Champoux replanted some of his Cabernet Sauvignon because of winter damage in 2010. (Photo by Andy Perdue/Great Northwest Wine)

A year after West Nile knocked him down, a freak late fall freeze did the same thing to some of his oldest vines. In the days leading up to Thanksgiving in 2010, temperatures dropped from overnight lows of 25 degrees to minus-8. The sudden winter chill devastated his Circle Block, a 28.5-acre planting of Cabernet Sauvignon from 1979 that went to Quilceda Creek, Woodward Canyon and Powers.

The vines were not going to recover well, so Champoux pulled them out. He worked the ground, preparing it for replanting last year. Today, he’s thrilled with the health of his new vineyard and the future of these vines. By next year, they’ll begin bearing fruit, and Champoux is confident the block will be better than it was after it gets a little bit of age on the vines.

“The winemakers I work with are really excited about it,” he said. “I couldn’t be more pleased and satisfied.”

About Andy Perdue

Andy Perdue is the editor and publisher of Great Northwest Wine. He is a third-generation journalist who has worked at newspapers since the mid-1980s and has been writing about wine since 1998. He co-founded Wine Press Northwest magazine with Eric Degerman and served as its editor-in-chief for 15 years. He is a frequent judge at international wine competitions. He is the author of "The Northwest Wine Guide: A Buyer's Handbook" (Sasquatch, 2003) and has contributed to four other books. He writes about wine for The Seattle Times. You can find him on Twitter and .

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