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Clearwater Canyon Cellars comes of age on Idaho century farm
LEWISTON, Idaho – If Idaho winemakers Coco Umiker and her husband, Karl, had their way, the estate planting for their award-winning Clearwater Canyon Cellars would be named Nichols Vineyard.
During Friday’s state ceremony declaring Nichols Family Farm an official Idaho century farm, Coco joked while describing why her grandfather, the late Ralph E. Nichols, pushed hard in the direction of Karl’s surname.
“Grandpa would not let us name it ‘Nichols,’ ” Coco deadpanned. “He probably was thinking, ‘This is going to be a train wreck, and I don’t want my name on it, so please name it ‘Umiker.’ ”
Earl Bennett, trustee of the Idaho Historical Society, and the 40 or so family and friends attending the ceremony in the Lewiston Orchards roared with laughter.
“Luckily, Umiker Vineyard has done well,” Coco said, turning serious. “I think Grandpa was very proud of it by the time he left this Earth.”
Nichols died in 2011 at the ripe age of 96. By then, Clearwater Canyon Cellars was seven years old and on its way to becoming one of the top up-and-coming wineries in the Pacific Northwest.
Last month, their flagship wine – the 2013 Selway Red Wine – merited a double gold medal and 97 points at the 2016 San Francisco International Wine Competition. A year ago, Wine Press Northwest magazine named Clearwater Canyon its Idaho Winery of 2015.
Friday’s celebration also included an overview of the 5,000-square-foot winemaking facility the Umikers are building on the Nichols Family Farm, which includes 6.5 acres of vines just a stone’s throw from their patio.
“This would have been the last day that he was 100 years old, and this is our 100th anniversary of the farm,” Coco said. “We didn’t plan to build a winery on the 100th anniversary of the farm and his life, but it just worked out that way. And it really couldn’t be sweeter.”
Family farm inspires Clearwater Canyon Cellars
Nicole “Coco” Gardner grew up in Boise, but she spent much of her childhood summers at her grandparents’ farm, which spanned 560 acres in 1916. Ralph E. Nichols was just 1-year-old when his Iowa-born parents purchased the wheat and cattle ranch for $25 an acre.
To hear her family tell it, the precocious Coco enjoyed a special bond with her grandfather that helped inspire her desire to farm grapes, study biochemistry at the University of Idaho in nearby Moscow and earn a doctorate in food science at Washington State University.
That kinship, as well as the relationship Coco and Karl enjoyed with the late Bob Wing, a regionally renowned wine writer/meteorologist in Lewiston, seems ever-present in the day-to-day life for the Umikers, their Clearwater Canyon Cellars operation and Umiker Vineyard. Just beyond Karl and Coco’s back porch are vines Nichols helped the Umikers establish in 2003.
“We tried to name it Nichols Vineyard, but he told us, ‘You put the work into it, you bought everything that went into that vineyard. It was your money, your sweat and tears,’ ” she said.
At the family barbecue Friday night, Coco toasted the gathering on what once was known as Nichols Hereford Ranch with a bottle of the Clearwater Canyon Cellars 2013 Heritage Series Ralph E. Nichols Red Wine, a club release long since sold out.
About 40 percent of Clearwater Canyon Cellars’ production now comes from the Nichols Family Farm, which includes Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah, Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot, Chardonnay and a bit of Muscat Canelli and Orange Muscat . Nearly 80 percent of their wines are made with fruit the newly established Lewis-Clark Valley American Viticultural Area, a petition the Umikers helped spearhead.
“We’re trying to keep it local and really focus on producing some world-class wines from here,” said Coco, who leads the Lewis-Clark Valley Wine Alliance. “Now with that AVA, any wine that’s produced from this place can also say ‘estate,’ and that was something we could never do before. So the Umiker Vineyard Syrah is estate.”
Construction of estate winery in Lewiston
The Umikers still were in college – involved in graduate-level research, teaching or both – when they launched Clearwater Canyon Cellars in 2004 with three other couples. Three years later, production moved from the hills above downtown Lewiston to an industrial park across the Clearwater River.
This summer, six years after they bought out their partners, the Umikers are building an estate winery on Nichols Family Farm. There is an outside chance that construction of the 5,000-square-foot production facility will be complete by the end of harvest for the 2016 vintage.
“It’s exciting for us to get the winery up here,” she said. “Karl and I have been moving between the farm and north Lewiston for a very long time. It’s gotten to the point where we need a facility that we can work out of more often.”
The Umikers not only are excited about being more hands-on with the award-winning lineup of wines, but also the additional convenience and safety surrounding their 3,000-case production.
“The Port of Lewiston facility doesn’t have a drain in the floor,” she said. “When cleaning something, we strap it to the forklift and take it outside. Sometimes, it’s late at night, and that part of Lewiston is not the best part of town.”
The new winery and small tasting room for Clearwater Canyon Cellars won’t be ostentatious. After all, Ralph Nichols’ winemaking granddaughter is too practical for that.
“It will be a metal building and gray, so it will blend in with the other gray buildings on the farm,” she said. “And it’s going to be really well-insulated with a nice drain in the floor. Those are the two things we are really passionate about, and it will have plenty of power and plenty of water. We’re not going to save just hours, but days out of our lives.”
A later phase of Clearwater Canyon Cellars has the Umikers turning the circa 1919 carriage house built by Coco’s great grandfather into a tasting room. Bennett said the white concrete block garage is a strong candidate to qualify for the National Historic Register.
“We ought to be able to get it done,” Bennett said.
Vineyards return 100 years later
In 1916, when winemaker Coco Umiker’s great-grandparents purchased the farm, the temperance movement had just convinced both the Washington and Idaho side of the Lewis-Clark Valley to go “dry.”
Bennett, the historian and a retired geologist, referenced those dark days during his presentation Friday to the Nichols family.
“They arrived just past the time that the Lewiston area had huge vineyards. This isn’t the first round we’ve been on this,” said Bennett, emeritus dean of the University of Idaho’s College of Science. “Prohibition had come along and killed the whole industry.”
By that point, the region had established what perhaps was the Pacific Northwest’s largest wine industry with three estate wineries and more than 200 acres of vineyard. Washington state vintner/author Ron Irvine, who wrote The Wine Project with Walter Clore, estimated the combined production for those three wineries at more than 60,000 cases.
It will be some time before the Lewis-Clark Valley reaches those levels again. At this point, there are 16 vineyards growing a combined 80 acres of wine grapes. The spirit is there, however, and tourism is growing, evidenced by American Cruise Line paddlewheel boats that connect Portland with Clarkston.
“Today, ag remains an important part of our state’s industry with dairy products, cattle and calves, potatoes, wheat and hay as our top five agricultural commodities,” Bennett said. “Thanks to what these young folks are doing right here, we’ll have to add another comma – for wine.”
Portion of farm turns to park, future high school
The origins of the Idaho century farm designation stem from the Gem State’s centennial celebration in 1990.
“The Idaho Department of Agriculture initiated a program to recognize the importance of Idaho’s farming pioneers by designating farms or ranches that had been in the same family for at least a 100 years that included 40 acres or more of the original land parcel as century farms or ranches,” Bennett said.
In the nearly three decades since, the Idaho Historical Society has recognized more than 400 century farms, with 20 of them in Nez Perce County. Bennett said Gov. Butch Otter, a rancher, asks for the background of each farm and signs each certificate, including the one given to the Nichols family.
“The disappearance of the family farm makes the award that we are giving this afternoon all the more important and significant,” Bennett said.
And the Umiker-Nichols clan, thanks in large part to the crop-sharing Kaufman family, is helping to diversify farming in this historic corner of the Northwest. Bennett pointed out that many century farms now are led by highly educated descendants. Karl Umiker earned a master’s degree in soil science. Coco focused her Ph.D. on winemaking research, specifically brettanomyces yeast. Kaufman brothers Steven and Jeff received agriculture degrees from the University of Idaho.
“Grandpa helped us plant that first quarter acre (of Merlot) in 2003, and that was the beginning of the next century here on the farm with vineyard, the Kaufmans and this diversified farm with wheat and grapes,” Coco said.
Ralph Nichols left a civic legacy, too, selling 310 acres of the farm to the City of Lewiston for a community park, a walking path that rings the wheat ranch farmed by the Kaufmans and the future home a new Lewiston High School. City and school officials knew private developers offered to pay Nichols more for the land.
In 2011, the city manager referred to the transaction as “a visionary gift that generations of Lewiston families will be thankful for to the Nichols family, forever.”
Coco’s mother, Mary McQuary, pointed out that Ralph’s 101st birthday would have been July 2 – the day after the century farm presentation.
“He would be so proud to see all of his family and friends gathered here today to honor this farm in this way,” McQuary said. “This award really belongs to him.”